In our industry, it’s often taken for granted that work can be either remote, distributed and asynchronous or collocated and synchronous. At SadaPay we’ve found a nice way to be remote-first, distributed across a large geographical area (UTC+1 to UTC+9) and still work collaboratively in real-time. It’s hard to combine these things, but as both of them provide huge benefits to our team and our business we’ve worked really hard to find a solution. Now we’re excited to share it with you!

Remote Mobbing

As a starting point, it’s important that you’re familiar with mob programming. There are many benefits to mob programming, but I don’t want to make this post about convincing you to try it. For our purposes, the main thing to note is that it allows a collocated team to work on the most important thing with minimum interruption and delay. But what about a remote, distributed team?

The remote part can be solved with technology. Our mobs use and screen sharing to switch drivers easily. Because we use rather than remote control (we used to use Tuple, which is great when latency is low enough), the driver is working on their local machine to ensure a nice developer experience. SadaPay provides noise cancelling using Krisp and good headsets, so we can communicate easily too.

Distributed Mobbing

But what about the distributed part? If people are in different timezones, how can they mob? Actually, the benefits of mobbing are even greater when your team spans a few time zones!

Earlier we mentioned that mobbing allows us to work on the most important thing with minimum interruption and delay. But what if we want to go faster? We can add people to the mob, but that’s an exercise in diminishing returns. We can work overtime, but that’s harmful and unsustainable.

Distributed teams like ours have an interesting alternative – the amorphous mob. Let’s consider an actual team at SadaPay, Cards Squad:

Team Member TIme zone
Shoaib +1
Aday +1
Shayan +5
Rong Yu +6

Now let’s see how their team’s mob changes shape throughout the day:

Mob Duration (hours) Activity          
0 Rong Yu starts the mob, continuing work from yesterday based on the detailed update left by Shoaib and Aday          
1 Shayan joins the mob, getting a quick briefing from Rong Yu about what she’s done so far          
4 Shoaib and Aday join the mob, getting a quick briefing from Rong Yu and Shayan about what they’ve done so far          
9 Rong Yu leaves the mob          
10 Shayan leaves the mob          
14 Shoaib and Aday write a detailed update on their progress since 9 and leave the mob          

In a collocated team, the most important thing would only be in progress for 8 hours each day. In this remote, distributed team, the most important thing is in progress for 13 hours each day. We are around 50% faster! Maybe we can go faster still if additional members join the squad in slightly earlier or later timezones. As long as we have enough overlap to ensure smooth transitions as the squad changes shape, the approach is scalable.

This isn’t the only benefit. Compared to pairing, the amorphous mob is highly resilient. People don’t work continuously all day – they take breaks for lunch, coffee and prayer. They get sick, pick their kids up from school or just go on leave. When pair programming, this can be disruptive. Either people align their breaks, or they work alone and the benefits of synchronous collaboration are lost. But in an amorphous mob, it’s no big deal. If somebody has to duck out for a moment, the mob can keep going. If somebody wants to take some leave, the mob will be OK without them.

Our initial vision was to use pairing and pair rotation, but the amorphous mob evolved organically and became our default way of working. Teams that switched from a combination of pairing and solo work to an amorphous mob saw benefits in knowledge sharing, cycle time and solution quality.

Inside the Mob

Let’s look in more detail at what it’s like to be in a mob at SadaPay.

Our approach is outside-in, trunk-based, test-driven development using ping-pong pairing on tight red-green-refactor-commit cycles. That’s a lot to get your head around, so let’s examine the real workflow used by Cards Squad as an example. Their actual day looks like this:

Person Activity
  Good morning! 🌞
Shoaib mob start 🥳
Shoaib Write a failing test 🔴
Shoaib mob next
Aday Take over screen share 🎥
Aday mob start 🫂
Aday Implement to make the test pass 🟢
Aday Refactor 🚜
Aday mob done
Aday git commit ➡️ git pull –rebase ➡️ git push
  Red-Green-Refactor-Commit cycle complete! 🔴 🟢 🚜 🚀
Aday mob start 🥳
Aday Write a failing test 🔴
Aday mob next
Shayan Take over screen share 🎥
Shayan mob start 🫂
  Continue mobbing 🔁

Using this technique, Cards Squad is able to focus all their energy on the squad’s most important goal for 13 hours each day. We commit a green build to trunk around every 15 minutes – true continuous integration. We move through multiple codebases together, working full stack. When making changes in each platform, people proficient in that platform provide some extra guidance and the rest of us learn by doing. It’s an approach that optimises for focus, cycle time, learning and solution quality all at once – and it works remotely!

Try it!

If you’re interested in our way of working, consider trying it out in your team or just join us!

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SadaPay is registered as SadaTech Pakistan Pvt Ltd with the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (No. 0136598), is regulated by the State Bank of Pakistan, and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of SadaPay Technologies Ltd., registered in the Dubai International Financial Center under commercial fintech license #3263.

SadaPay Mastercard debit cards issued pursuant to a license by Mastercard Asia/Pacific Pte. Ltd.


SadaPay Head Office
Ufone Tower 9th Floor,
Jinnah Avenue, Block F-7/1,
Blue Area, Islamabad
SadaPay Lahore Office
Vogue Towers 3rd Floor,
MM Alam Rd, Block C2, Gulberg III, Lahore, Punjab, 54000
SadaPay Karachi Office
MA Tabba Foundation Building, 1st Floor, Gizri Rd, Block 9 Clifton, Karachi, Sindh 75600

SadaPay UAE Office
FinTech Hive,
Gate Avenue, Zone D, Level 1,
Dubai Int’l Financial Centre,
PO Box 507211, Dubai, UAE

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